The Who, What, Where, When and Sometimes, Why.

Socioeconomic Status

High socioeconomic status (SES) is most often defined by:

  • High income and/or 
  • High education level

High SES has been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer [366-372].

This increased risk is not related to higher SES itself. It’s related to differences in risk factors found in women with different education and income levels [366-372].

For example, compared to women with lower SES, women with higher SES are more likely to [366-372]:

Each of these factors is related to an increased risk of breast cancer [366-372].

Socioeconomic status and breast cancer screening

SES may also affect how likely a woman is to get breast cancer screening. For example, women who have health insurance are more likely than women who don’t have health insurance to get mammograms [4].

Learn more about breast cancer screening among different groups of women.

Updated 03/07/22