The Who, What, Where, When and Sometimes, Why.

Socioeconomic Status

High socioeconomic status (SES) is most often defined by:

  • High income and/or 
  • High education level

High SES has been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer [316-321].

This increased risk is not due to the higher SES itself. It’s related to differences in risk factors found in women of different education and income levels [316-321]. 

For example, compared to women of lower SES, women of higher SES are more likely to:

Each of these factors increases the risk of breast cancer [316-321].


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