What is it?
Tai chi is a Chinese martial art originally developed for self-defense. It consists of exercise, breathing, and meditation. It is a form of Qi gong.
Tai chi is an exercise of low-to-moderate intensity. It might help prevent falls in some older adults by reducing their fear of falling and improving their balance and muscle strength.
People use tai chi for athletic performance, preventing falls, back pain, obesity, diabetes, depression, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support many of these uses.
Don’t confuse tai chi with Qi gong. Tai chi is a specific type of Qi gong.
Possibly Effective for …
- Athletic performance. Practicing tai chi seems to improve fitness levels, particularly in older adults who don’t often exercise.
- Back pain. Practicing tai chi somewhat reduces low back pain in people with chronic low back pain.
- A lung disease that makes it harder to breathe (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD). Practicing tai chi seems to help people with COPD walk farther. Tai chi might also improve lung function in people with this condition.
- Fall prevention. Practicing tai chi seems to help prevent falls in older adults, especially when practiced regularly. Yang style tai chi and a type of tai chi specifically tailored for fall prevention seem to help the most.
- Fibromyalgia. Practicing tai chi seems to improve symptoms of fibromyalgia by a small amount. It seems to work as well as exercise for improving function and pain.
- Heart failure. Practicing tai chi helps people with heart failure walk farther.
- High blood pressure. Practicing tai chi reduces blood pressure in people with high blood pressure by about the same amount as general exercise.
- Insomnia. Tai chi seems to improve the quality and length of sleep in people with sleep complaints and older people with chronic insomnia.
- Obesity. Practicing tai chi reduces waist size and bodyweight in overweight and obese people.
- Osteoarthritis. Practicing tai chi seems to improve function, stiffness, and pain in people with osteoarthritis.
- Physical performance. Practicing tai chi improves how inactive elderly people feel about their physical function. This includes their ability to get around without help. But it’s not clear if it helps other measurements of physical performance.
There is interest in using tai chi for a number of other purposes, but there isn’t enough reliable information to say whether it might be helpful.
Special Precautions & Warnings:
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn’t enough information to know whether tai chi is safe when pregnant or breast-feeding. If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, check with your healthcare provider before starting tai chi or any other exercise program.
Tai chi is not regulated in any way and there are no specific standards for training. Practitioners of tai chi are not considered health professionals in North America. However, in China, tai chi is often practiced along with conventional modern medicine.
Information on this website is for informational use only and is not intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. While evidence-based, it is not guaranteed to be error-free and is not intended to meet any particular user’s needs or requirements or to cover all possible uses, safety concerns, interactions, outcomes, or adverse effects. Always check with your doctor or other medical professional before making healthcare decisions (including taking any medication) and do not delay or disregard seeking medical advice or treatment based on any information displayed on this website.
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